Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with a number of relevant sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Extra commonly, pajamas could consult with a number of garments, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from classic pajamas and involving variations of favor and content.
The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The worldwide use of pajamas (the term as well as garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India from the 18th and nineteenth hundreds of years, along with the British affect on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they soon fell from manner. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main half on the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a style in Britain as well as Western world as sleeping attire for men until eventually the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied lessons, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of both sexes. It was adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an report of dishabille and of evening apparel, which is synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually possible that we English took the pattern similar to a superior lots of Other people in the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently Employed in London retailers. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it is actually due to White Ants."[ten]
Conventional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-trousers combination made of soft cloth, for example flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket aspect normally features a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of individuals prefer to sleep or lounge in only the pajama pants, both which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night time suits.
Some pajamas element a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-1st century they are zenske pidzame fairly exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are many variations in type which include brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various supplies. Chiefly in the US, stretch-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.
Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, inside the US, they've got often provided the latter being a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very sort of quick dress leading over shorts or short trousers.
Pajamas could right now consult with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become common while in the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, zenske pidzame beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.